From the 2012 Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPPC) Special Report on Managing the Risks of Extreme Events and Disasters to Advance Climate Change Adaptation (SREX), Summary for Policymakers:
Key terms as defined by the IPCC:
Exposure: The presence of people; livelihoods; environmental services and resources; infrastructure; or economic, social, or cultural assets in places that could be adversely affected.
Vulnerability: The propensity or predisposition to be adversely affected.
Disaster Risk Management: Processes for designing, implementing, and evaluating strategies, policies, and measures to improve the understanding of disaster risk, foster disaster risk reduction and transfer, and promote continuous improvement in disaster preparedness, response, and recovery practices, with the explicit purpose of increasing human security, well-being, quality of life, resilience, and sustainable development.
Climate Change Adaptation: In human systems, the process of adjustment to actual or expected climate and its effects, in order to moderate harm or exploit beneficial opportunities. In natural systems, the process of adjustment to actual climate and its effects; human intervention may facilitate adjustment to expected climate.
Chapter 8, “Toward a Sustainable and Resilient Future” addresses the relationship of disaster risk management and climate change adaptation to sustainable development and resilience. Contents include:
- Executive Summary
- 8.1. Introduction
- 8.2. Disaster Risk Management as Adaptation: Relationship to Sustainable Development Planning
- 8.3. Integration of Short- and Long-Term Responses to Extremes
- 8.4. Implications for Access to Resources, Equity, and Sustainable Development
- 8.5. Interactions among Disaster Risk Management, Adaptation to Climate Change Extremes, and Mitigation of Greenhouse Gas Emissions
- 8.6. Options for Proactive, Long-Term Resilience to Future Climate Extremes
- 8.7. Synergies between Disaster Risk Management and Climate Change Adaptation for a Resilient and Sustainable Future